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File type: Game Texture Dictionary

 

These are essentially archive files that are used for storing a list of texture files or small bitmap files that can be used by games or other three-dimensional modeling applications which have support for rendering engines.
These files may also be texture-mapped over three dimensional objects for giving them a certain kind of texture or look.
These files are also referenced by video games for instance Grand Theft Auto as well as Tony Hawk's American Wasteland game. These files are used by games on both personal computers as well as PlayStation console games.
The texture files that are archived into the TXD files can also be used for modifying the look of objects within the game, for instance car's paint texture, t-shirt style textures, or billboard advertisement textures.
These files can be viewed using many utilities on the Windows platform, for viewing them on the PlayStation you can use the TXD viewer.

Detailed information 

Category: Data File
File format: Proprietary
Open with Windows: Vice TXD, TXD Builder, VC TXD Viewer
Open with Linux:

File type: Thumbnail Image

 

THM files are used for very small images the size of icons which are used for representing larger images in a gallery display of images.

These files are typically used on the web or in clipart galleries and can be created by various photo editing or re-touching applications.

These files are even produced by some of the digital cameras as small images to be displayed as a gallery of pictures on the camera since smaller pictures are easier to be displayed on the screen and take much lesser time for loading.

 

Open THM File

 

Category: Image File
File format: Proprietary
Open with Windows: Theme Creator Pro, Sony Ericsson Themes Creator, Any picture viewer, ACD Systems ACDSee, Microsoft Picture and Fax Viewer
Open with Linux:
This file is also used as thumbnail images for video clips when they are created or when the video clips are saved.
They stores a small image from the first few initial frames from the video clip to represent the video clip. It is used for galleries that list the videos for easy and quick scanning through the video clips.
Video thumbnails are als often created right on the digital video cameras and the digital cameras that record video.
THM file usually can but sometimes might not be trasferred to the computer on transferring the videos from the device. They share the same filename as that of the video clip.
They are also used by Sony Ericsson Mobile devices for storing settings which are used for configuring and customizing the complete user interface of the mobile device, it includes within itself data for displaying special windows, text colors, wallpaper, icons and also other images and files.
These can be created or edited with the help of Theme Creator which is provided by Sony Ericsson itself.

File type: Gzipped Tar

 

These are compressed archive files which are produced as a result of compressing the UNIX .TAR files by using the Gnu Zip (.GZIP) compression algorithm.

The TAR archive file archives multiple files into a single file and the Gzip compression algorithm compresses the contents of the file and reduces the overall size of the file. In order to decompress these files from a UNIX terminal command line you can do the following:

First type 'gunzip filename.tar.gz' and then press enter; this command would decompress the archive file and get the .TAR file.

Then type 'tar -xf packed_files.tar' and press enter; this command will decode the TAR archive file and will list all the files that were in the archive.

 

Detailed information 

Category: Data File
File format: Proprietary
Open with Windows: Zipeg, 7-Zip, WinACE, PicoZIP, WinZip, ALTools AlZip, Smith Micro Stuffit Deluxe, WinRAR
Open with Linux: Gunzip, Tar

File type: Audiogalaxy Downloading Music

 

AudioGalaxy is a peer to peer file sharing application that allows users to easily share music files with each other.
This software which was originally developed by Michael Merhejm was originally a simple FTP like site which indexed MP3 songs which users could download and share. But it later evolved into a full-fledged peer-to-peer file sharing software which was better known as AudioGalaxy 'Satellite.'
In September 2008 AudioGalaxy was re-branded and licensed by a pay streaming service known as Rhapsody by Listen.com and was discontinued as its well known peer to peer file sharing client. AudioGalaxy could download mp3 songs from the server which were shared by other AudioGalaxy users and these files could be downloaded onto your hard disk.
While downloading the file it builds the file in a TEMP file which is built throughout the download and then later when the download completes the file is then renamed the original file name.

Detailed information 

Category: Data File
File format: Proprietary
Open with Windows:
Open with Linux:
There are several database applications both small and large that use TDB files for storing the database.

File type: Tape Archive, Consolidated Unix File

 

TAR files are archive files which are used for storing multiple files within a single TAR file which can be created by the help of UNIX Tar program.

These are not put through compression by default and hence these TAR files are usually compressed with the help of the Gnu Zip application which is often used for the creation of GZ files.

The TAR file compression technique is not a very comprehensive compression technique and it does not achieve good compression ratios by itself, although when used with other compression algorithms such as Gzip, Bzip2 very good compression rations can be achieved.

 

Detailed information 

Category: Archive File
File format: Open Standard
Open with Windows: Zipeg, 7-Zip, WinACE, PicoZIP, WinZip, ALTools AlZip, Smith Micro Stuffit Deluxe
Open with Linux: tar
The files ending with the extension .tar.gz are files that are .tar files and that have been further compressed using the Gnu Zip compression algorithm. They maybe often shortened to be named as .TGZ files as well. The TAR files are recognized in the Linux systems by default and can be opened, read, changed and extracted using the pre-installed Archive Manager that comes in most of the Linux distributions.

File type: Text

 

What is

This is one of the most common file types that is used in the computer system. These are simple standard ASCII text based documents that are used for writing plain text messages and notes.

These files are recognized by any text editing applications and can be opened in several such text editing applications or even in the complex word processing softwares.

These files can be very easily read and written to by several application programs on the computer and these files are also used for storing some important user information for the application as well.

Softwares such as Notepad and WordPad for the Windows platform create files and save it to the file system as .TXT files.

 

Detailed information 

Category: Data File
File format: Open Standard
Open with Windows: Any standard text editor
Open with Linux: Any standard text editor

File type: Tab Separated Values

What is

These files are used for storing and distributing data in a special tab separated format such that the data in the columns are separated using the help of tabs. These files are very similar to the Comma Separated Files.
In the data in the columns are separated by the help of commas instead of tabs like in the TSV files.
These files are saved in plain ASCII text format and can be opened or edited with the help of any standard text editor such as Notepad or WordPad.
These files can be exported to several spreadsheet programs such as Microsoft Excel and are more often saved with the extension .TSV but .TAB is also used occasionally.

Detailed information 

Category: Data File
File format: Open Standard
Open with Windows: Microsoft Excel or other spreadsheet program, Can also be opened using any standard text editor.
Open with Linux:

File type: Tagged Image

 

TIF files are very high-quality image or graphics format which are often used specially for storing images that contain many colors such as digital photographs or pictures. It is short for 'TIFF' which is an image compression algorithm which is a lossless compression and it has support for multiple layers and pages.

These TIFF format files are often saved in an uncompressed lossless format but alternatively they can also incorporate .JPEG or loose compression format.

They also support LZW lossless compression algorithm which reduces the size of the image substantially but does not affect the quality of the image.

 

Detailed information 

Category: Image File
File format: Open Standard
Open with Windows: Other image viewer, The Logo Creator, Roxio Easy Media Creator, Nuance OmniPage Professional, Nuance PaperPort, ACD Systems Canvas, ACDSee Photo Manager, Adobe Photoshop, Microsoft Windows Photo Gallery Viewer, Corel Paint Shop Pro Photo X2, Corel Paint Shop Pro Photo X4
Open with Linux:

File type: Torrent

 

What is

Torrent is a special protocol that was designed to overcome some of the shortcomings of the peer-to-peer networks. In peer-to-peer networks one of the major drawbacks was the difficulty of searching and finding files on the network since it is a very computationally complex problem to search for files on thousands of systems connected to the network.

Torrent is a protocol whereby the problem of searching the files is solved by creating and distributing small .TORRENT files which have information regarding the various seeds and peers for a file that is being downloaded on the torrent network using the torrent protocol. Seeds by definition are workstations that have the complete file downloaded, and shares the files for uploading with other downloaders.

Leechers are workstations that are in the process of downloading a file and have at least some part of the file downloaded already. Any user downloading a file at any time is a leecher and he may be connected to either a seed or a leecher for downloading any file part by part.

Detailed information 

Category: Data File
File format: Open Standard
Open with Windows: Mozilla Firefox with the FoxTorrent extension, Ares Torrent Downloader, Azureus, Transmission, GetRight, ?Torrent, Mldonkey, Shareaza, BitLord, Opera, FlashGet, BitComet, BitTorrent
Open with Linux: Mozilla Firefox with the FoxTorrent extension, Azureus, Transmission, Mldonkey, Deluge, Ktorrent
The .TORRENT file is a standard text based file which can be opened and edited using any standard text editor. It has the information and details of the number of seeders and Leechers that are available for a file download with their IP addresses. They also have information relating to trackers.
Trackers are servers that regularly announce information regarding leechers and seeds for a file download and help the client or user downloading a file to keep track of the seeds and leechers for it regularly.
Torrents are used to download all kinds of files that have been shared by users just like that in peer-to-peer networks, the only difference being that the user doesn't need to search for the files. They can be used to download audio, video, softwares, and just about anything.

File type: Temporary

 

These are temporary files that are usually created automatically by various software applications under the windows operating system during various processes such as during installations, during reading archives, or during creating backups or cache files.

These are sometimes even created as invisible or hidden files and are automatically deleted by the software applications that use them when the application is terminated. These files are also called as temp.

Tmp stands for temporary. This means temporary files are tagged with the .tmp extension. Tmp files are responsible for storing short-term information and this is the case if an application or the operating system is unable to spare any extra space for every one of its tasks.

Tmp files are created automatically by the computer to store or hold data on your computer system when using any of the software application on your PC. The data contains information related to the particular activity you are carrying out on that computer or software application.

The tmp file is created by several computer programs. With the help of the .tmp file, there is assurance that the data related to the software application you are currently running will not be lost, at least until you are through with what you are doing with that software application.

.tmp file is categorized as a backup. In that, it is used in backing up the data related to the software application you are currently working with. This type is also called a cache file and it opens automatically once you open the particular software application that you want to work with.

The .tmp file can either be visible or created by your computer as an invisible file. If you like, you can also call it "temp files."

Usually, the .tmp file contains raw data that can be used as an intermediary step when you are converting contents from one form to another.

Two types of files make use of the .tmp extension; these are:

  • Temporary file
  • Finale temporary file

The two of them are backup. The second one is created by Finale, which is a popular music notation program made for vocals, instruments and so on. It contains all the backup data for the particular document that you are working on, just like the first one. The Finale temporary File is also opened once the particular software application you are working on is open.

As expected, it gets automatically deleted once you choose that software application. While the Temporary File can be opened manually, The Finale Temporary File cannot be opened manually.

Also, the Finale Temporary File cannot be created manually. While there is a strong likelihood that the Temporary File will be opened automatically once you open the software application, there is no such assurance with the Finale Temporary File. In fact, you may never encounter the Finale temporary File at all for any reason.

Operating systems and applications are wont to generate temporary files that are session-specific.

This means that the files are used and also created in the course of the current activity of the affected operating system or application. The files stored as .tmp by the operating system or application is only accessible for as long as the computer is still active. Those get automatically deleted immediately you shut down your computer system or close that application.

There is no point in keeping them further after you have concluded with what you are doing is that unnecessary space will not be occupied on your computer. Be that as it may, it is not all categories of applications that require storing files in .tmp, which means not all applications store files in a temporary folder.

As hinted earlier, the .tmp files are supposed to be deleted automatically after you have shut down your computer system.

It is, however, unfortunate that the .tmp files are not deleted automatically most times after they might have served their purposes. The .tmp files almost always contain highly sensitive information and must not be removed anyhow. Before deleting the files manually, you should first find out if the contents of the files are still being used by your computer or not.

Find out first if the information stored in the .tmp file is still useful or not before you delete it manually. If the data in the .tmp file is not required anymore, you can go ahead to delete it and it will not cause any problem for your software application being used or your computer.

 

Open TMP File

 

Category: Data File
File format: Open Standard
Open with Windows: Various other programs, Web Browser, Microsoft Word
Open with Linux:
These TMP files or temporary are created by several applications for various purposes to do various tasks.
Generally temporary files serve a good place for storing temporary information which is required only at the moment but not at a later time so such temporary files can come in handy at such times.
The data within these files can be made use of when it is required; and when the work is complete the temporary file can be removed from the file system.
Such temporary files also come in handy if in any circumstances the process that was being carried out crashes, it can then resume from the point where it had crashed earlier by using the information on the temporary file.
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